Dussehra of 2023: Importance & Significance

Dussehra of 2023

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is a significant Hindu festival celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion across India. It marks the triumph of good over evil and holds immense religious and cultural significance among Hindus. Dussehra of 2023 will be celebrated on October 24th. Let us delve into the history, rituals, and celebrations associated with this auspicious festival.

Dussehra 2023 Date and Significance

Dussehra 2023 falls on October 24th, marking the culmination of the nine-day-long Navratri festival. This day symbolizes the victory of Lord Rama over the demonic king Ravana, as depicted in the epic Ramayana. It is believed that Lord Rama, with the blessings of Goddess Durga, defeated Ravana and rescued his wife, Sita. Dussehra is a celebration of this heroic triumph and the ultimate victory of good over evil.

Vijayadashami 2023: History and Legends

Dussehra has deep roots in Hindu mythology and is associated with various legends. One of the most prominent legends is the story of Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana. According to the Ramayana, Ravana, with his ten heads symbolizing his immense power, kidnapped Sita, the wife of Lord Rama. In a fierce battle, Lord Rama, supported by his loyal allies, vanquished Ravana and restored righteousness. The day of Dussehra commemorates this triumph of Lord Rama and the restoration of peace and justice.

Another significant legend is the tale of Goddess Durga’s victory over the buffalo demon Mahishasura. It is believed that the goddess, with her divine powers, defeated and slayed the mighty demon, restoring harmony and righteousness. It also marks the end of the Navratri festival, during which devotees worship the nine forms of Goddess Durga.

Dussehra 2023: Rituals and Celebrations

Dussehra is celebrated with great fervor and joy throughout the country. The festivities vary across different regions, but the essence of the celebration remains the same – the triumph of good over evil. Here are some of the significant rituals and traditions associated with Dussehra:

1. Ramlila Performances:

Ramlila, a theatrical enactment of the life and adventures of Lord Rama, is performed during the festival. The story of the Ramayana is beautifully depicted through dance, music, and drama, captivating the audience and reminding them of the valor and righteousness of Lord Rama.

2. Burning of Ravana’s Effigies:

One of the most iconic rituals of Dussehra is the burning of effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna, and son Meghnad. These towering effigies are filled with fireworks and set ablaze, symbolizing the victory of good over evil. The spectacle of the burning effigies attracts large crowds and fills the air with joy and celebration.

3. Worship of Goddess Durga:

In many parts of India, Dussehra marks the culmination of the Durga Puja festival. Devotees worship Goddess Durga and seek her blessings for prosperity and protection. Elaborate pandals (temporary structures) are set up, showcasing the beautifully adorned idols of the goddess and attracting devotees from far and wide.

4. Ayudha Puja:

Ayudha Puja, also known as Shastra Puja, is a ritual where people worship their tools, instruments, and vehicles. It is believed that on this auspicious day, Goddess Durga’s divine energy blesses these objects, ensuring their effectiveness and success. This ritual is particularly significant in professions such as farming, arts and crafts, and the military.

5. Cultural Programs and Fairs:

Dussehra is a time of vibrant cultural programs and fairs. People gather to enjoy traditional music, dance performances, and folk art forms. Fairgrounds come alive with colorful stalls selling handicrafts, clothing, and delicious food. These fairs provide a platform for local artisans and performers to showcase their talents and add to the festive spirit of Dussehra.

Dussehra Celebrations in Different Regions

Dussehra is celebrated with unique customs and traditions in various parts of India. Let’s explore how different regions embrace the spirit of Dussehra:

1. North India:

In North India, Dussehra is celebrated with grandeur and enthusiasm. The city of Delhi hosts magnificent Ramlila performances, attracting thousands of spectators. The burning of Ravana’s effigies takes place in open grounds, accompanied by fireworks and cheers of victory. People exchange greetings and sweets, spreading joy and happiness.

2. South India:

In South India, Dussehra is celebrated as a time of cultural and spiritual significance. In Tamil Nadu, the Navratri festival culminates with the display of “Golu” (arrangement of dolls) in homes. The city of Mysore in Karnataka is renowned for its majestic Dussehra procession, featuring beautifully decorated elephants and a grand display of traditional arts and crafts.

3. Eastern India:

In Eastern India, particularly West Bengal, Dussehra coincides with the culmination of the Durga Puja festival. Elaborate pandals are set up, showcasing artistic idols of Goddess Durga. The immersion of these idols in water bodies, known as Visarjan, marks the end of the festivities, accompanied by vibrant processions and cultural performances.

4. Western India:

Dussehra is celebrated in the vibrant dance form of Garba and Dandiya Raas n Gujarat. People dress in colorful traditional attire and participate in energetic dance circles, paying homage to Goddess Durga. The celebrations continue late into the night, creating a festive atmosphere filled with joy and enthusiasm.

Best Places to Experience Dussehra Celebrations in India

India offers a plethora of destinations where you can witness the grandeur of Dussehra celebrations. Here are some of the best places to experience the vibrant festivities:

  1. Delhi: The capital city of India, Delhi, showcases splendid Ramlila performances and hosts grand processions for the burning of Ravana’s effigies. The streets are adorned with lights and decorations, creating an enchanting ambiance.
  2. Mysore: Mysore, in Karnataka, is famous for its opulent Dussehra celebrations. A grand procession featuring caparisoned elephants takes place, leaving spectators awe-struck.
  3. Kolkata: Kolkata in West Bengal is synonymous with Durga Puja. The pandals (temporary structures) are a sight to behold, exhibiting exquisite artistry and creativity. Witnessing the immersion of the idols amidst the chants and music is an experience that will stay with you forever.
  4. Ahmedabad: In Gujarat, Ahmedabad comes alive with vibrant Garba and Dandiya Raas performances during Dussehra. People dance to the rhythmic beats, immersing themselves in the joyous celebration.


Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is a festival that encapsulates the triumph of good over evil. It is a time of joy, devotion, and cultural festivities. As Dussehra of 2023 approaches, let us immerse ourselves in the spirit of this auspicious occasion, celebrating the victory of righteousness and spreading love and positivity. May this festival bring happiness, prosperity, and harmony to all.

Sumann Senguptaa

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